An exploration of socio-demographic, economic and environmental factors in the disparities between blacks and whites in low birth weight outcomes: a cross-sectional study


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J Res Health Sci. 2021 May 12; 21 (2): e00511. doi: 10.34172 / jrhs.2021.49.


BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have been conducted to try to better understand the disparities in adverse pregnancy outcomes. The present study aimed to explore racial differences in influencing socio-demographic, economic and environmental factors in women who have had a low birth weight (LBW) infant (outcome variable).

STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.

METHODS: This study used data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS). Univariate and multivariate analyzes were performed.

RESULTS: The results obtained highlighted statistical racial differences between non-Hispanic (NH) black women and NH white women in the socio-demographic variable of marital status (P environmental factors in all racial groups were living in social housing projects (P = 0.018), car ownership (P health care coverage, and having living in public housing was associated with a reduced likelihood.

CONCLUSION: As evidenced by the results obtained, there were statistically significant racial differences in socio-demographic, economic and environmental / physical characteristics associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.

PMID: 34465634 | DOI: 10.34172 / jrhs.2021.49


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