Environmental factors contribute to rise in tuberculosis: study

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NAVI MUMBAI: Studies have shown that environmental factors have been a major cause of the increase in cases of tuberculosis (TB). Better health can be achieved with healthier living. Doctors say it is a highly impacted disease due to a host of environmental factors such as personal hygiene in relation to the prevention of respiratory disease, drinking water supply, housing, overcrowding and nutrition.
“In order to increase the quality of the environment, the quality of life and health must be improved in the cities and towns to come. There are around 2-3 million deaths from TB and around 9 million new cases of TB are diagnosed each year globally,” explained Dr Prashant Chhajed, pulmonologist and pulmonologist at Fortis Vashi.
“Tuberculosis, a contagious infection caused in the lungs, is also caused by a lot of factors to consider, such as environmental factors such as temperature, humidity and sunlight,” he said. he continued. He warned that since the disease can take weeks to be diagnosed, the biggest health challenge is how to deal with the increase in TB cases and improve environmental conditions.
“Raising awareness will not solve the problem, but it can be a stepping stone, but even that is happening at a very slow pace. There are precautions one can take to reduce the risk of infections,” said internal medicine specialist Dr Suresh Ade. He said that without good ventilation in the room, tuberculous mycobacteria remain suspended in the man for several hours longer than if the room were well ventilated.
“Good ventilation will allow the patient to recover better. Following simple rules like covering your mouth and nose will reduce the risk. A strong immune system helps kill bacteria 60% of the time,” he added.
“Proper care and maintenance of the environment and care of the patient helps. People living in congested areas are more prone to airborne infections which can be spread from person to person through coughing. People need to be aware of the symptoms so they can see a doctor at the earliest, giving them a chance to treat them,” Dr Ade said.
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