Social development of the child affected by environmental factors


The social environment of a child has a key role in the growth of his personality. Here are the risk factors that can affect your child’s social development.

A human being is born with natural genetic personality traits that remain the same throughout their lives, but we have the capacity to change, learn and grow in the environment in which we live. Hence various research studies, including one titled The Influence of Social Environments on Child Development in Preschool Age, has proven that the environment plays an important role in shaping your child’s personality and his or her. social development.

According to MotorHealth, environmental factors that influence a child’s social development include the physical environment, community resources, and social relationships. Let’s see what are the risk factors within these three categories that can affect your child’s social development.

Poor physical environment

barefoot boy with foot on ball

Via: Pexels: Karolina Grabowska

Poor environments include poor living space, lack of open spaces for play and recreation, and lack of sports facilities. This factor can endanger your child’s social and cognitive behavior. This is why children who grow up in poor environments are associated with poor health outcomes and poor motor skills.

Lack of health and cleanliness facilities

Photo by Alexis Montero on Unsplash

Healthcare facilities are a child’s basic right, and the lack of these facilities can affect both the health and social development of your child. This includes the lack of availability of doctors and nurses or a clinic / hospital / pharmacy in your neighborhood. Likewise, since health is directly associated with cleanliness, the lack of waste disposal, drainage system, and lack of a clean environment affects both your child’s social and physical development.

Lack of educational facilities

Students sitting at desks and writing tests

via Twitter / @GlobeEducation

Education is the fundamental right of every child and it is as important as health. So the lack of good schools and especially kindergartens in your neighborhood can also affect your child’s social development. According to surveys and research, a child who starts school late has poorer social skills than one who has attended preschool. At the same time, a child who has to travel long distances for his education due to the lack of educational infrastructure in his region, also suffers from disturbances in his emotional and social development.

Two boys on a virtual date together

via Twitter / @DrMeganAdams

Children who live in a community where there is a strong support system grow up socially well. On the other hand, the lack of a circle of friends, good teachers and little or no support from the community directly affects a child’s well-being and social skills. In addition, the rules and norms established by a community also influence the social development of the child.

Frequent change of neighborhood and school

Photo of Arthur Krijgsman from Pexels

According to various research such as the one on MotorHealth, “Children who frequently move neighborhoods because their parents are forced to move to find affordable housing may have difficulty developing supportive social relationships and are more likely to be absent or underachieve in school. . ”

sleeping mom with daughter

Via Pexels: Ksenia Chernaya

Another factor that affects a child’s social development is the lack of employment opportunities resulting in work-related stress for parents. Indeed, having the workplace close to home means less travel time and therefore more time for children and the home, while a long-distance workplace means more travel time and less time for home and children. This factor affects not only the child, but all family relationships.

RELATED: How To Spend More Quality Time With Your Child

Poor family rituals and routines

Photo by Vanessa Serpas on Unsplash

Bad family rituals and inconsistent routines like no sleep schedule, no quality time together, including lunch or dinner, affect children. Bedtime is associated with good sleep and good health; lack of home discipline for sleep and other daily routines affects the health and social development of the child.

Lack of love and respect in relationships

Stressed child at school

Photo by Gustavo Fring from Pexels

One of the most dangerous key factors affecting a child’s social development is the negative environment at home. A negative environment with a lack of love, trust and respect between relationships destroys a child’s personality. Hostility, including arguments and frequent arguments between parents or other relationships or between parent and child, negatively affects a child’s social behavior. These factors lead to anxiety and depression in children.

Depression / mental illness in parent (s)

A sad adult.

Photo by Kat Jayne from Pexels

This is the serious form of environmental factors affecting the social development of a child. Various searches like one on Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation, its factor, that is, maternal depression or any type of mental stress of the parent or both parents, can affect the mental and social development of the child. A peaceful environment at home and the emotional well-being of the parents are important for the psychological well-being of the child.

Exposure to substance abuse / violence

Photo by Cristina Gottardi on Unsplash

The worst of all environmental risks affecting a child is exposure to things like drug addiction and violence in the home or in the neighborhood. Here we speak of “exposure”, that is to say that if the child himself is not the victim of violence, even then this will have a significant impact on the child. If the child is exposed to drug addiction by parents or their circle of friends or to violence in the home among elders or parents, this hostile environment will lead to low self-esteem, depression and anxiety in children.

Avoiding all of the above environmental risk factors is crucial if you want your child to grow up to be a stable, emotionally and socially healthy human being.

READ NEXT: How Does A Child’s Environment Cultivate Their Creativity?

Sources:, Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation, The influence of social environments on the development of children in preschool age

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