Sociodemographic and environmental risk factor for the health of COVID-19 in Jakarta, Indonesia: an ecological study


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Health. December 2021; 13: 100303. doi: 10.1016 / j.onehlt.2021.100303. Online publication of August 15, 2021.


Since December 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic has rapidly emerged globally. Many factors have influenced the spread of COVID-19. This research studies the socio-demographic and environmental risk factors for health associated with COVID-19. The study used an ecological study design with sub-districts as the unit of analysis. The total population was 44 sub-districts. Data analysis used correlation and linear regression tests. The results of the study showed that the average rate of COVID-19 incidents in Jakarta is 99.8 per 10,000 residents. Risk factors for the spread of COVID-19 were associated with the high level of education of the population (B = 3.094, p value p value = 0.029) and slums (B = 0.404, p-value

PMID: 34423107 | PMC: PMC8364679 | DOI: 10.1016 / j.onehlt.2021.100303


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